Shanxi, in the middle reaches of the Yellow River and the hinterland of China, with its magnificent landscape and pleasant climate, has been regarded as the cradle of the ancient Chinese civilization.
The Yellow River winds its way like a dragon eastward into the sea. At its most torrential turn there is a small village called Xihoudu. About 1.8 million years ago, our remote ancestors made the earliest stone implements of China, sparking the first flame in the dark to begin the Chinese history. Time went by as generations lived on, while human beings left traces of their lives in between Mountains Taihang and Luliang and Rivers Fenshui and Sanggan.
When it came into the Neolithic Age, the splendid material cultures were created at every corner of Shanxi. Like hundreds of creeks and rivers joining the sea and countless stars sparking in the sky, civilized states rose up in the land. At the foot of the Tai’er Mountain, ruins of ancient cities and palaces, bronze ritual vessels, evidence of ancient writings, observatories, and especially objects imagining the dragon – the symbol of Chinese national spirit, all come alive after being buried under the earth for 4,500 years. The history of Shanxi reveals that the homeland created the earliest human cultures of China, which originated the history in its entity coming to this day.